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Resultset

Represents a virtual table created by executing a stored procedure.

Server-side object

Implemented in

NES 3.0

Created by

The resultSet method of a Stproc object. The Resultset object does not have a constructor.

Description

For Sybase, Oracle, ODBC, and DB2 stored procedures, the stored procedure object has one result set object for each SELECT statement executed by the stored procedure. For Informix stored procedures, the stored procedure object always has one result set object.

A result set has a property for each column in the SELECT statement used to generate the result set. For Sybase, Oracle, and ODBC stored procedures, you can refer to these properties by the name of the column in the virtual table. For Informix and DB2 stored procedures, the columns are not named. For these databases, you must use a numeric index to refer to the column.

Result set objects are not valid indefinitely. In general, once a stored procedure starts, no interactions are allowed between the database client and the database server until the stored procedure has completed. In particular, there are three circumstances that cause a result set to be invalid:

  1. If you create a result set as part of a transaction, you must finish using the result set during that transaction. Once you either commit or rollback the transaction, you can't get any more data from a result set, and you can't get any additional result sets. For example, the following code is illegal:
  2. database.beginTransaction();
    spobj = database.storedProc("getcusts");
    resobj = spobj.resultSet();
    database.commitTransaction();
    /* Illegal! Result set no longer valid! */
    col1 = resobj[0];

  3. You must retrieve result set objects before you call a stored-procedure object's returnValue or outParameters methods. Once you call either of these methods, you can't get any more data from a result set, and you can't get any additional result sets.
  4. spobj = database.storedProc("getcusts");
    resobj = spobj.resultSet();
    retval = spobj.returnValue();
    /* Illegal! Result set no longer valid! */
    col1 = resobj[0];

  5. Similarly, you must retrieve result set objects before you call the associated Connection object's cursor or SQLTable method. For example, the following code is illegal:
  6. spobj = database.storedProc("getcusts");
    cursobj = database.cursor("SELECT * FROM ORDERS;");
    /* Illegal! The result set is no longer available! */
    resobj = spobj.resultSet();
    col1 = resobj[0];
When finished with a Resultset object, use the close method to close it and release the memory it uses. If you release a connection that has an open result set, the runtime engine waits until the result set is closed before actually releasing the connection.

If you do not explicitly close a result set with the close method, the JavaScript runtime engine on the server automatically tries to close all open result sets when the associated database or DbPool object goes out of scope. This can tie up system resources unnecessarily. It can also lead to unpredictable results.

You can use the prototype property of the Resultset class to add a property to all Resultset instances. If you do so, that addition applies to all Resultset objects running in all applications on your server, not just in the single application that made the change. This allows you to expand the capabilities of this object for your entire server.

Property Summary

Property Description
prototype

Allows the addition of properties to a Resultset object.

Method Summary

Method Description
close

Closes a result set object.

columnName

Returns the name of a column in the result set.

columns

Returns the number of columns in the result set.

next

Moves the current row to the next row in the result set.

In addition, this object inherits the watch and unwatch methods from Object.

Examples

Assume you have the following Oracle stored procedure:

create or replace package timpack 
as type timcurtype is ref cursor return customer%rowtype;
type timrentype is ref cursor return rentals%rowtype;
end timpack;
create or replace procedure timset4(timrows1 in out timpack.timcurtype, timrows in out timpack.timrentype) 
as begin
open timrows for select * from rentals;
open timrows1 for select * from customer;
end timset4;
Running this stored procedure creates two result sets you can access. In the following code fragment the resobj1 result set has rows returned by the timrows ref cursor and the resobj2 result set has the rows returned by the timrows1 ref cursor.

spobj = database.storedProc("timset4");
resobj1 = spobj.resultSet();
resobj2 = spobj.resultSet();

close

Closes the result set and frees the allocated memory.

Method of

Resultset

Implemented in

NES 3.0

Syntax

close()

Parameters

None.

Returns

0 if the call was successful; otherwise, a nonzero status code based on any error message passed by the database. If the method returns a nonzero status code, use the associated majorErrorCode and majorErrorMessage methods to interpret the cause of the error.

Description

The close method closes a cursor or result set and releases the memory it uses. If you do not explicitly close a cursor or result set with the close method, the JavaScript runtime engine on the server automatically closes all open cursors and result sets when the corresponding client object goes out of scope.

Examples

The following example creates the rentalSet cursor, performs certain operations on it, and then closes it with the close method.

// Create a Cursor object
rentalSet = database.cursor("SELECT * FROM rentals")
// Perform operations on the cursor
cursorOperations()
//Close the cursor
err = rentalSet.close()

See also

Cursor


columnName

Returns the name of the column in the result set corresponding to the specified number.

Method of

Resultset

Implemented in

NES 3.0

Syntax

columnName (n)

Parameters

n

Zero-based integer corresponding to the column in the query. The first column in the result set is 0, the second is 1, and so on.

Returns

The name of the column. For Informix stored procedures, this method for the Resultset object always returns the string "Expression".

If your SELECT statement uses a wildcard (*) to select all the columns in a table, the columnName method does not guarantee the order in which it assigns numbers to the columns. That is, suppose you have this statement:

resSet = stObj.resultSet("select * from customer");
If the customer table has 3 columns, ID, NAME, and CITY, you cannot tell ahead of time which of these columns corresponds to resSet.columnName(0). (Of course, you are guaranteed that successive calls to columnName have the same result.) If the order matters to you, you can instead hard-code the column names in the select statement, as in the following statement:

resSet = stObj.resultSet("select ID, NAME, CITY from customer");
With this statement, resSet.columnName(0) is ID, resSet.columnName(1) is NAME, and resSet.columnName(2) is CITY.

Examples

The following example assigns the name of the first column in the customerSet cursor to the variable header:

customerSet=database.cursor(SELECT * FROM customer ORDER BY name)
header = customerSet.columnName(0)

columns

Returns the number of columns in the result set.

Method of

Resultset

Implemented in

NES 3.0

Syntax

columns()

Parameters

None.

Returns

The number of named and unnamed columns.

Examples

See Example 2 of Cursor for an example of using the columns method with the cursorColumn array.

The following example returns the number of columns in the custs cursor:

custs.columns()

next

Moves the current row to the next row in the result set.

Method of

Resultset

Implemented in

NES 3.0

Syntax

next()

Parameters

None.

Returns

False if the current row is the last row; otherwise, true.

Description

Initially, the pointer (or current row) for a cursor or result set is positioned before the first row returned. Use the next method to move the pointer through the records in the cursor or result set. This method moves the pointer to the next row and returns true as long as there is another row available. When the cursor or result set has reached the last row, the method returns false. Note that if the cursor is empty, this method always returns false.

Examples

Example 1. This example uses the next method to navigate to the last row in a cursor. The variable x is initialized to true. When the pointer is in the last row of the cursor, the next method returns false and terminates the while loop.

customerSet = database.cursor("select * from customer", true)
x = true
while (x) {
   x = customerSet.next() }
Example 2. In the following example, the rentalSet cursor contains columns named videoId, rentalDate, and dueDate. The next method is called in a while loop that iterates over every row in the cursor. When the pointer is on the last row in the cursor, the next method returns false and terminates the while loop.

This example displays the three columns of the cursor in an HTML table:

<SERVER>
// Create a Cursor object
rentalSet = database.cursor("SELECT videoId, rentalDate, returnDate
   FROM rentals")
</SERVER>
// Create an HTML table
<TABLE BORDER>
<TR>
<TH>Video ID</TH>
<TD>Rental Date</TD>
<TD>Due Date</TD>
</TR>
<SERVER>
// Iterate through each row in the cursor
while (rentalSet.next()) {
</SERVER>
// Display the cursor values in the HTML table
   <TR>
   <TH><SERVER>write(rentalSet.videoId)</SERVER></TH>
   <TD><SERVER>write(rentalSet.rentalDate)</SERVER></TD>
   <TD><SERVER>write(rentalSet.returnDate)</SERVER></TD>
   </TR>
// Terminate the while loop
<SERVER>
}
</SERVER>
// End the table
</TABLE>

prototype

Represents the prototype for this class. You can use the prototype to add properties or methods to all instances of a class. For information on prototypes, see Function.prototype.

Property of

Resultset

Implemented in

NES 2.0


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Last Updated: 11/13/98 10:23:46

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