Multimedia Codecs

Many applications in Ubuntu use the GStreamer open source multimedia framework. The codec plugins for GStreamer are organised in different packages depending on the licensing that applies to the various codecs. You can see which codecs are contained in which plugin on the GStreamer website.

Other applications, such as Mplayer and Xine, do not use the Gstreamer framework. Due to patent and copyright restrictions, codecs for these programs are not included at all in Ubuntu. For more information on these read the Restricted Formats wiki page.

Add Codecs to Gstreamer

To install extra codecs for Gstreamer:

  • Install the following packages from the Universe and Multiverse repositories (see Chapter 2, Adding, Removing and Updating Applications):



    You will need to use Synaptic Package Manager to install these packages


    Some of these packages may not be permitted in some countries: you should verify that you are permitted to use them before installing them.