Chapter 1. Introduction

Table of Contents

About Xubuntu
About the name
About Ubuntu
Linux Basics
Directories and File Systems
Text Editing
Root And Sudo
More Help

About Xubuntu

Welcome to Xubuntu 6.06.1 LTS.

Xubuntu is a flavor of the Ubuntu Linux Distribution centered around the Xfce Desktop. Xfce is a modern Desktop environment that is simple, fast, and elegant. You may want to think of Xfce as the BMW MINI of Linux Desktops. Combining it with Ubuntu gives you the full power and ease of use that Ubuntu is known for, while providing a snappy desktop even for those using older hardware.

The key advantages of Xubuntu are:

  • Simplicity. Xubuntu will not give you all the bells and whistles of its siblings Ubuntu (Gnome Desktop) and Kubuntu (KDE Desktop), but will instead focus on basic functionality and a clean user interface.

  • Speed. With Xubuntu you will instantly feel the speed of the Xfce Desktop Environment, which has been built with low system requirements in mind. Don't worry if your hardware is not the latest and greatest - your computer will most likely feel quite fast with Xubuntu.

  • Elegance. Xubuntu comes with a modern, clean Look&Feel. Of course, the Desktop is completly customizable - you may choose among many sets of icons, window borders, color sets, and so on.

Xubuntu shares the same package sources as Ubuntu and Kubuntu. This has the following advantages:

  • All of the thousands of programs in the Ubuntu Software Archive are easily installable on Xubuntu.

  • Turn a Ubuntu into a Xubuntu System - or vice versa - by simply installing some additional packages.

Technically, Xubuntu tries to avoid dependencies to Gnome and KDE libraries by using GTK+ 2 only applications wherever possible.

About the name

The name Xubuntu indicates the combination of the Xfce Desktop Environment with Ubuntu. Xfce used to stand for "XForms Common Environment", but since it's not based on XForms anymore, does not mean anything today. Ubuntu means approximately "humanity towards others" in the languages of Zulu and Xhosa. Combined, it does not really mean anything.

About Ubuntu

Ubuntu is an entirely open source operating system built around the Linux kernel. You can read all about the Ubuntu Philosophy on the Ubuntu website.

The Ubuntu project is entirely committed to the principles of open source software development; people are encouraged to use open source software, improve it, and pass it on. This means that Ubuntu is and will always be free of charge.