Web browsing

The powerful and secure Mozilla Firefox web browser is included in Ubuntu. Firefox features tabbed browsing, pop-up blocking, built-in search, and live bookmarks. Also supported are popular plug-ins such as Java, Macromedia Flash, and RealPlayer. Firefox can be launched by clicking Applications->Internet->Firefox .

Viewing Online Audio and Video in Firefox

To view online audio and video streams in Firefox, you may need to install some plugins. Which plugin you choose to install depends on which media player you prefer (see the section called “Video Playback”).

  1. For the Totem Gstreamer plugin (the default Ubuntu media player), install the totem-gstreamer-firefox-plugin package from the “Universe” repository (see Chapter 3, Adding, Removing and Updating Applications).

  2. For the Totem Xine plugin, install the totem-xine-firefox-plugin package from the “Universe” repository (see Chapter 3, Adding, Removing and Updating Applications).

  3. For the Mplayer plugin, install the mozilla-mplayer package from the “Multiverse” repository (see Chapter 3, Adding, Removing and Updating Applications).

  4. The changes will take effect when you close and open Firefox.

[Note]

These steps will install the plugin for Firefox. However, to play some formats, you may need to add some extra codecs (see the section called “Multimedia Codecs”).

Macromedia Flash for Firefox

To view flash graphics from the Mozilla Firefox web browser:

  1. Install the flashplugin-nonfree package from the “Multiverse” repository (see Chapter 3, Adding, Removing and Updating Applications).

  2. The plug-in will be available the next time you start Firefox.

[Note]

Installing the package as described above will download and install the plugin. You need an internet connection for this to work. If, after installing the application, you need to download and install the plugin at a later time, enter the following command in a terminal:

sudo update-flashplugin

Java plugin for Mozilla Firefox

Some websites require the Java plugin for Mozilla Firefox. The easiest way to view Java applets is to install the j2re1.4-mozilla-plugin package from the “Multiverse” repository.

For a more complete Java installation, see the section called “Java Runtime Environment (1.5)”.

NVU Web Authoring System

NVU is a WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) graphical web design application, similar to Dreamweaver.

  1. Install the nvu package from the “Universe” repository (see Chapter 3, Adding, Removing and Updating Applications).

  2. To start Nvu, choose Applications->Office->Nvu .

Bluefish Web Development Studio

Bluefish is a powerful editor for web designers and programmers. Bluefish supports many programming and markup languages, and includes many utilities for designers and programmers.

  1. Install the bluefish package from the “Universe” repository (see Chapter 3, Adding, Removing and Updating Applications).

  2. To start Bluefish, choose Applications->Programming->Bluefish Editor